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Peter Emil Dreier

Mand 1832 - 1892  (59 år)


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  • Navn Peter Emil Dreier  [1
    Slægtskabmed Hans Ingemand Hansen
    Født 27 dec. 1832 
    Køn Mand 
    Beskæftigelse/Stilling Konsul i Chicago/ Apokeker 
    Død 22 okt. 1892  Logansport, Indiana, United States Of America Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted 
    Søskende 2 søskende 
    Notater 
    • The Danish consul E. Dreier, arrived in Chicago in 1854, at the age of twenty-one, and consequently can give some very interesting information about the good old times. At the time that he came to Chicago there were only twenty Danes here.
    • Den Danske Pioneer
      Volume: 0105Issue: 22Publication date: 1977-10-27
      Danes
      went West
      Danish tradition had it that Peter
      T. Allen cam e to Chicago in 1837,
      the first D ane'tb-inhabit the frontier
      town. But only isolated Danes had
      trickled into Chicago by 1850, when
      the United States Census recorded
      ninety-three Danes in the town. The
      first recognizable Danish settlem ent
      de\'eloped in the 1850's when a Danish
      brewer named Andrew Jackson Miller
      bought a group of shanties at Clark
      and Randolph Streets in the Lxjop.
      T he several dozen huts becam e po­
      pularly known as “M iller’s Tow n."
      Chicagoans frequently directed immi--
      grant Danes to this well-known Danish
      By the 1860's there was a significant
      Danish settlem ent in the vicinity of
      Randolph and LaSalle Streets. Many
      , Danes congregated at the Kinzie Inn,
      a convenient place to m eet friends,
      receive mail, and read an old copy of
      a Copenhagen newspaper. Next door
      to the Kinzie Inn was Wilken’s Cellar,
      a German-owned cafe where the elite
      among Chicago’s Dane met daily. It
      was there, at “Det runde bord,” that
      Danish Consul Emil Dreier met Chica­
      go Danes in need of assistance. There
      the Socialist emigres Louis Pio, Paul
      Geleff, and A. W. Hansen met to plan
      a Socialist colony for America. The
      group consisted mainly of local Danish
      intellectuals, who carefully guarded
      the growth of their club. Membership
      was a local honor conferred by invi­
      tation only. Danish artisans and ar­
      chitects met at Quincy Number Nine,
      another German-owned cafe at Ran­
      dolph and LaSalle. Discussions often
      took on a pragmatic tone, as the mem­
      bers ham m ered out lucrative con­
      struction co n tracts. T hese cafees
      becam e the focal points of a Danish
      colony numbering twelve Hundred by
      1870. In later years, Chicago Danes
      would speak of the Loop Colony, and
      particularly “Det runde bord,” as their
      Danish-American heritage.
      Den Danske Pioneer
      Volume: 0056Issue: 19Publication date: 1928-05-10
      Dr. Petersen var Konsul til 1870,
      da han afløstes af Apotheker Emil
      Dreier, somi i 1859 var flyttet fra
      State Street til sin nyopførte Byg­
      ning, Nr. 137 Milwaukee Avenue,
      hvor hans bekendte “Danske Apo-
      thek” var i en Menneskealder ind­
      til hans Død i 1892. :
      E fter at Konsul Emil Dreier
      døde, blev hans Søn Otto Dreier
      konstitueret som Konsul og fun­
      gerede som saadan under Ver­
      densudstillingen og indtil 1895, da
      Bankier Andrew Petersen blev ud­
      nævnt i hans Sted.
    • Cavling besøgte USA fem gange. Første gang med damperen 'Island', »Politikens Medarbejdere følger mig i en næsten andægtig Stemning til Larsens Bolværk«. Dér står tilfældigvis Georg Brandes. På et tidspunkt råber verdensberømtheden, ifølge Cavliing, til kaptajnen: »Klokken er over 4. Hvorfor gaar De ikke?«. Kaptajnen svarer, at der skal mere last om bord. Brandes råber igen: »Herregud, Menneske, hvorfor gaar De ikke?«. Da der stadig ikke sker noget, 'eksploderer' Brandes og råber vredtdt: »Naa, saa bliv liggende til i Morgen. Nu gaar jeg!«. I Chicago møder redaktøren (der gav navn til journalistikkens fornemste hæderspris) Socialdemokratiets første leder Louis Pio, »en begavet digterisk natur«, og dennes tro væbner Poul Geleff (»ondskabsfuld og vittig« med et »forslagent svedent Ydre«).De mødes i Wilkens Kælder, hvor de drikker 'California-Champagne' med en række andre danskere. Også Emil Dreier, »den tykkeste Mand i Chicago«, og bror til den allerførste danske socialist, Frederik Dreier. Cavling, der virkelig er om sig, hilser også på Mark Twain, Harriet Becher Stowe, Henry George og Thomas Edison.
    • One of Salmonsen's first walks in Chicago was to Consul Emil Dreier's drugstore.
      In his own book Salmonsen gives a vivid description of his visit to the consulate. He was
      deeply impressed by the sight of Dreier in a top hat; it was the first top hat he had seen
      in America, and what's more, it graced the head of a confessed atheist!
    • Riechel's
      private funds were soon depleted and in order to survive he formed a stock company of
      which Emil Dreier was the head for a short time. A smaller publishing office was rented
      and Gothic type was put back into use again. "Heimdal" was at this time a four page
      paper with about 4000 subscribers.
    Person-ID I21689  Blumensaadt-Ingemand
    Sidst ændret 21 jan. 2015 

    Far Vilhelm Henrik Dreier,   f. 21 apr. 1798,   d. 13 okt. 1865  (Alder 67 år) 
    Mor Wilhelmine Elise Klein,   d. Ja, dato ukendt 
    Familie-ID F8107  Gruppeskema  |  Familie Tavle

    Familie Augusta Fischer,   f. 1838, Tyskland Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. Ja, dato ukendt 
    Børn 
    +1. Louisa Dreier,   d. 6 aug. 1917, Sister Bay, Wis. Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted
     2. Arthur A. Dreier
     3. Sophia Dreier,   d. Ja, dato ukendt
    +4. Otto Albert Dreier,   f. 13 sep. 1864, Chicago, Cook County, Ill. USA Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 26 sep. 1949, Arlington Heights, Illinois Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Alder 85 år)
    +5. Anette Magna Dreier,   f. 26 aug. 1866, Chicago, Illinois, USA Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 31 jul. 1937  (Alder 70 år)
    +6. Bertha Alexandra Dreier,   f. 1 nov. 1871, Chicago, Cook County, Ill. USA Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted,   d. 6 okt. 1942, Santa Barbara, California, United States Find alle personer med begivenheder på dette sted  (Alder 70 år)
    Eva Heegaards billeder
    Peter Emil Dreier og Augusta Fischer
    Peter Emil Dreier og Augusta Fischer
    Sidst ændret 21 jan. 2015 
    Familie-ID F8105  Gruppeskema  |  Familie Tavle

  • Dokumenter
    Dania Society of Chicago 1872 to 1912 II
    Dania Society of Chicago 1872 to 1912 II
    Peter Emil Dreier død ombord Hekla
    Peter Emil Dreier død ombord Hekla

    Kirkebog - Fødte
    Bertha Alexandra Dreier født
    Peter Emil Dreier født

  • Kilder 
    1. [S3798] encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org, http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/363.html.









      Danes
       


      Danes began to emigrate in significant numbers after Denmark suffered defeat by Bismarck's Prussia in 1864. Some fled from the conquered duchy of Schleswig to escape Prussian rule. Many Danish immigrants had urban backgrounds, with one out of five coming from the capital city of Copenhagen. In America they gravitated toward cities. During the 1870s, cheap grain from Russia and the American heartland flooded European markets, depressing local agriculture. This led Danes from rural areas to join the emigrants heading for America. Over 300,000 Danes emigrated in the years 1840–1914, with peak years 1881–1883 and 1903–1905.


      Danish immigrants tended to be young, skilled, and well educated. Many single men came, and some families, but young women often stayed home, creating a gender imbalance among the immigrants. The flow of Danish migration was toward the Midwest.


      The written Danish language was the same as Norwegian, and Swedes could understand it as well, so Danes often lived in mixed Scandinavian communities and intermarried with Norwegians and Swedes. The earliest Danish community in Chicago was around Randolph and LaSalle Streets in the 1860s. Around 1870, some Danes established aSouth Side enclave around 37th and State Streets that persisted until the 1920s, but the main axis of Danish and Norwegian settlement crossed the Chicago River and moved northwest along Milwaukee Avenue during the 1870s. By 1880, two-thirds of the city's 6,000 Danes lived in Milwaukee Avenue neighborhoods. A new, heavily Norwegian and Danish neighborhood also began to take shape east of Humboldt Park. By 1910, there were 18,500 first- and second-generation Danes in the city. Scandinavians had abandoned Milwaukee Avenue to Italian and East European immigrants, and North Avenue was the new Danish-Norwegian commercial center. Humboldt Park remained a major Scandinavian community for a couple of decades, but Danes began to disperse around 1920 to western and northern suburbs.


      Most commonly, Danish men joined other Scandinavians to work in the building tradesas carpenters, masons, painters, furniture makers, and contractors. Many also became small-scale entrepreneurs of grocery, tobacco, and clothing stores, ethnic hotels, taverns, and cafes. Some Danish families specialized in market gardening and dairying on the fringes of the city. Danish women generally found work in domestic work or shop clerks.


      Early immigrant luminaries met at the “Round Table” in Wilken's Cellar at Randolph and LaSalle, where the Danish consul, Emil Dreier (1832–1892), generally presided. In 1862, Danish immigrants established Dania as a social club to hold masquerade balls, and the organization grew to sponsor a librbrary, English night school, mutual aid fund, and missing-persons bureau. Trinity Lutheran Church was founded in 1872, followed by several other Lutheran and Baptist churches. A Danish veterans' society was founded in 1876, the Danish Brotherhood in 1883, and various choral groups from 1886. Many Danish ethnic organizations emerged toward the turn of the century, including societies for gymnastics, cycling, football, hunting, fishing, sharpshooting, and theater. Chicago had a daily Danish-Norwegian newspaperSkandinaven, for over 50 years and from five to seven weeklies for several decades.


      Danish Chicago included an active elite of artists, journalists, clergymen, and professionals. The sculptors Carl Rohl-Smith and Johannes Gelert contributed monuments to the city. Jens Jensen, the leading landscape designer of the Prairie School, designed Chicago's west parks and boulevards, besides promoting forest preserves and state parks. Christian Fenger, an internationally renowned surgeon, taught at Northwestern University and Rush Medical College. Max Henius, a chemist, founded the American Academy of Brewing and made Chicago an international center of the brewing industry.




      Bibliography

      Friedman, Philip S. “The Danish Community of Chicago.” The Bridge: Journal of the Danish American Heritage Society 8.1 (1985): 5–95.

      Lovoll, Odd S. “A Scandinavian Melting Pot in Chicago.” In Swedish-American Life in Chicago: Cultural and Urban Aspects of an Immigrant People, 1850–1930, ed. Philip J. Anderson and Dag Blanck, 1992, 60–67.

      Nielsen, George R. The Danish Americans. 1981.